Sinkers are the part of your terminal tackle that does just what the name implies – they sink! They are designed to take your bait down into the water. Lots of anglers don’t think much about their sinkers. They just put one on and hope for the best. But having the proper fishing sinker in the proper weight can mean the difference between fish and no fish.
Sinker MaterialMost sinkers are made from lead. The lead is melted and poured into a sinker mold. In fact all sinkers are made by pouring melted metal into a mold. Lead just happens to be the most prevalent metal in use.
However, some states have outlawed the use of lead in fishing tackle. In those locations, and for the anglers who may be concerned about using lead, we have seen sinkers in recent years poured from either bismuth or from tungsten. Both of these metals are heavy, but they are also quite expensive and the melting points are much higher than lead. For our purposes we will deal with lead sinkers here.
Types of SinkersSinkers come in multiple shapes and sizes. They can be as small as 1/32 of an ounce to as much as a pound or two. I’ve seen some people in a deep water situation using old fashioned window sash weights to get a bait to the bottom! But I want to talk to you about the sinkers that I use, and that’s a universe of three. Out of all the designs and shapes available, I can do what I want to do with one of three sinkers.
- Egg Sinker
These are the standard old every day sinkers used for most bottom fishing. They are round, oblong lead sinkers with a hole through the middle. Sometimes these are called slip sinkers because the design is for these sinkers to be placed above the swivel and on the actual fishing line. When a fish bites, it pulls the line through the sinker. The sinker stays on the bottom and the fish supposedly does not sense the weight.
I use egg sinkers when I am offshore bottom fishing with live bait, as I do for grouper. I put one above the swivel, on the line, and then use a five foot leader. The long leader allows my live bait to move about more naturally.
- Bank Sinker
This sinker, along with the pyramid sinker, is what I use bottom fishing offshore or in a current. The teardrop shape that allows you to attach your line at the top, means that the sinker will be on the bottom while your bait is above it. I tie a loop about two feet long at the end of my line. I leave the tag end of the line at about 12 to 14 inches long. It’s what we locally call a chicken rig, and we use it for red snapper, seabass, and other bottom fish. I use the loop end through the eye of the bank or pyramid sinker. Then I tie the hook on the tag end. When the sinker is on the bottom, the hook is off the bottom. This is a great rig for any kind of bottom fishing, but it is particularly good in deep water or water with a lot of current. Because I have the sinker looped on, I can easily change to a larger or smaller sinker without cutting the line. These sinkers come in weights up to 12 ounces.
- Rubber Core
Rubber core sinkers have been around for a long time. They are easy to use, easy to add to or remove from your line, and there is no need to cut and re-tie your line. I use these sinkers in shallow water applications, fishing for redfish, flounder, or even mangrove snapper. I like to be able to keep a bait on the bottom in a current, and sometimes I only need a half ounce or less. These sinkers go right on your line above the swivel. I can adjust the weight I need quickly, and if the sinker ever snags and hangs on a rock or oyster, the whole sinker will come off without breaking your line. Simply put another sinker on and keep fishing! These sinkers are for light tackle, inshore, shallow water fishing.